Promoting pyrolysis implementation through the adaptation of methods for assessing climate impact, goals, frameworks, and incentives.
The SIMPLY project aims to advance the implementation of pyrolysis-based PyCCUS (Pyrolysis Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage) and align with INNO-CCUS’ guiding goals and the policy climate targets for 2030. The key objectives include:
- Contribute to reduction of 0.2 mio ton CO2e per year in 2025 and 2-4 mio ton CO2e per year in 2030 which is the INNO-CCUS contribution to the roadmap climate targets
- Achieve 2 mio ton of CO2e in 2030 from a starting point in 2023 around zero, as stated in political agreements on the agricultural area.
Currently, the climate impact from Danish pyrolysis is minimal, approaching zero. Without additional efforts, it’s projected to reach around 0.05 million tons per year by 2025.
Recent studies highlight the significant potential in Danish pyrolysis development. But the time is short, and the deployment roadmaps are full of barriers and bottlenecks. The SIMPLY project seeks to expedite the development of necessary societal and contextual frameworks. It primarily focuses on addressing two clusters of unmet needs:
1) Barriers and bottlenecks in regulation and municipal planning
2) Development of incentive structures in central value chains
The SIMPLY project builds upon the extensive foundation of technical and natural science projects in biomass pyrolysis. It introduces new R&D activities in social science and system analysis. The project framework revolves around the following activity categories:
- Mapping resource base and pyrolysis product market opportunities
- Determining and situating pyrolysis plant deployment cases at 2030 target-scale
- Analysis of pyrolysis and PyCCUS impact on climate and environment and alignment with enacted accounting schemes and methods across governance levels
- Development, test and implementation of new best-practices planning processes for enabling deployment of pyrolysis-technology at the local level
- Analysis of incentive structures and recommendation for need-to-have actions and frameworks
- Stakeholder involvement with focus on planning and governance, knowledge institutions, SMVs and agricultural actors
What is pyrolysis?
Pyrolysis converts biomass into valuable resources while minimizing emissions. It involves heating organic materials in the absence of oxygen, resulting in biochar. Biochar is a carbon-rich material renowned for its ability to enhance soil fertility, sequester carbon, and improve agricultural productivity.
If value creation from pyrolysis – related to climate change mitigation, export, sustainable transition potentials, and more – is to be achieved within the timeframe of both INNO-CCUS and political targets, there is no room for further delays. Therefore, main project activities are conducted in iterations and fed continuously into key organizations and development processes to speed up impact and initiate gearing effects early in the project.